In keeping with our trend of giving you some great animal information, today we would like to talk about some fascinating monkey facts! There are currently over 260 known species of monkeys in the world. These species are divided into two main groups, Old World monkeys and New World monkeys. Old World monkeys are native to Asia and Africa, whereas New World monkeys originate from South America.

Monkey Facts

Some species of monkey live the majority of their lives in the tress, whereas other species live primarily on the ground. A monkey’s diet will also largely depend on which species it belongs to. But generally they will eat a range of fruits, leaves, insects and small reptiles. The collective terms for monkeys are ‘troops’, ‘missions’ and ‘tribes’.

Species of Monkey

The smallest species of monkey is the Pygmy Marmoset and adults of this species will usually weigh between just 120 and 140 grams. On the other hand, the largest type of monkey is the Mandrill. Mandrills can weigh up to 35kg.

All monkeys are fairly similar in terms of anatomy, and they are built to be agile, fast, flexible and strong. The combination of these things ensures that they thrive in their natural habitat, and that they are quite effective at escaping predators when threatened.

When it comes to the smartest within the monkey kingdom, Capuchin monkeys are often considered to be at the top of the list! Not only can they learn to use basic tools, but they also express self-awareness and can develop new skills.

Communication and Social Structures

Observing communication between monkeys is a fascinating activity. They are quite vocal with their interactions with each other. Different pitches can be noticed in their calls depending on the intent of their message. For example, a call to a mate will be noticeably different than a call to their offspring.

Monkeys are incredibly social animals and they will live in groups. They can be observed to play together, eat together and groom each other. In addition to vocal communication, monkeys will also express emotions in non verbal ways, such as through various facial expressions and gestures. They will also express emotion to their offspring through touch. There may sometimes be confrontation within these social structures, usually as a result of male dominance when it comes to mating. A female monkey will often be at the top of the hierarchy, and there will sometimes be in-fighting between females to establish this.

When a monkey reaches four years of age they might start to reproduce. Female monkeys will usually mate with the largest and strongest of the male monkeys.

It is important to remember that apes are not included within the species sets of monkeys, as they are a different type of mammal.

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